Tires are one of the most important — and most often overlooked — safety-related components of our cars. Tires are the only thing that attaches our cars to the road, and tire problems affect your car's ride comfort, handling, and safety. Here are some simple tire safety tips to help keep you and your car's occupants safe.
Check your tire pressure regularly
Tires tend to lose air over time — about 1 psi per month and 1 psi for every ten-degree drop in temperature.
Buy a digital tire gauge and check your tires once a month and before a long trip. Proper inflation pressures can be found in your owner's manual or on a sticker on the car (usually on the driver's doorjamb or fuel-filler lid — see photo.) Remember to check tire pressure only after the car has been sitting for several hours in order to ensure that the tires are cold. The friction of driving heats the tires and increases pressure, which can hide an under-inflated tire.
Address under-inflated tires immediately
An under-inflated tire has more rolling resistance, which increases fuel consumption. It also creates more heat, which can lead to tire failure.
Don't forget the spare
Getting a flat tire and discovering that your spare is also flat is a miserable experience. Inspect your spare as you would your other tires. If you have a compact spare, the inflation pressure will usually be written on the tire.
If your car comes with a compressor or a flat repair kit in lieu of a spare, check their operation regularly.
Check for tread depth
Check tread depth by placing the edge of a penny upside-down into the grooves of the tire's tread. (Photo here.) If you can see all of Lincoln's head, it's time for a new set of tires.
Never buy a single tire — it's best to replace all four tires at once, but at the very least they should be bought as axle pairs (both fronts or both rears). Rotating your tires every 5,000 to 7,000 miles will help ensure that all four tires wear at the same rate.
Check for even wear
When you check tread depth, check both the inside and outside edge of the tires. Uneven tire wear is usually a sign that your car is out of alignment. Proper alignment optimizes handling and helps prevent premature tire wear.
Look for tire damage
When you check pressure, inspect the sides of the tires for nicks, bulges, cracks and cuts. Such damage often cannot be repaired and will require replacement of the tire.
If your car develops a shimmy (a back-and-forth vibration, usually felt through the steering wheel) at a certain speed, it's possible that one of your tires has lost its balance weight. Having your tires re-balanced is a fairly inexpensive job.
Buy the right tire for the job
Most cars come with all-season tires, the tire equivalent of a jack-of-all-trades. If you live in the rust belt, consider a set of dedicated snow tires for the winter; they do wonders for safety. If you live where it's always warm and dry, "summer" performance tires can vastly improve your car's handling.
And most importantly:
Never hesitate to replace a worn or damaged tire
Tires are not cheap, but they are vital to the safety of you and your car's occupants. Remember, the tires are the only thing that connects your car to the road. Advanced safety features such as antilock brakes and electronic stability control can't do their life-saving jobs without four good tires. Take care of your tires — because whether you know it or not, you're counting on them to take care of you. — Aaron Gold